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Fragmente einer deskriptiv-quantitativen Oberflächen-Syntax des Russischen (3): Die Satzgliedfolge im Elementarssatz

Horst Dippong

The article is dedicated to the study of part-of-sentence sequences in elementary clauses within the boundaries of the descriptive-quantitative surface syntax framework (DQSS). The first part gives a short introduction to the main terms and premises of application-directed syntax (Anwendungsorientierte Syntax Russisch – ASyR), being the main set of analytic means of DQSS. The analytic algorithm, consisting mainly of three steps – connecting autolexemes, ordering the connected autolexemes hierarchically and assigning part-of-speech terms to the hierarchically ordered autolexemes – is demonstrated, taking into consideration some deeper features of lexemes allowing for the combination of lexemes.

The second part of the article contrasts two texts, the first fifty sentences (InterpS) each of Čexov’s Nevesta and a journalistic text on ecological problems of the late 1980’s, comprising 126 and 88 elementary clauses (ElemS), respectively. Part-of-sentence sequences are compared considering all parts being immediately connected with the predicate. By ignoring the adverbials in the next step, the investigation focusses on sequences from the perspective of being ruled by the governing finite verb. In a third step, the position of subject, object and adverbials relative to the predicate, respectively, is taken into account. By comparing the data for both texts, the standard global opinions concerning part-of-sentence order can be affirmed. Meanwhile it can be shown that DQSS is a good means to present hardcore data on a more specialised level for the description of how and by which means texts differ.

Linguistische Beiträge zur Slavistik. X. JungslavistInnen-Treffen Berlin 2001. Hg. Robert Hammel und Ljudmila Geist. München: Sagner 2003 (= Specimina Philologiae Slavicae 139), 38–57.