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Perfekt und Perfektiv im Vergleich
Zur Resultatsorientiertheit des perfektiven Aspekts im Slavischen und des Perfekts im Deutschen

Andreas Späth

The present article analyzes the grammatically encoded contribution to resul­tativity with respect to the perfective article in Slavic languages and the per­fect in German. The verbal aspect determines the process of a transition either as a noncompletely oriented path (imperfective) or a completely oriented path (perfective). Only in the case of the perfective aspect a linguistic meaning is given which grammatically expresses a resultative state. This does not hold for the German perfect. The conditions of use of both categories overlap when a limited process is expressed resulting from the become-operator and / or the referential status of a DP as an individual term and from the fact that the state of affairs expressed by the perfect form is temporally located be­fore the time of reference. In this way, a completed path is expressed by sec­ondary means. This information is an inherent part of the semantic structure of a perfective verb in Slavic.

Linguistische Beiträge zur Slavistik. XII. JungslavistInnen-Treffen Gießen 2003. Hg. Monika Wingender. München: Sagner 2005 (= Specimina Philologiae Slavicae 144), 153–170.